- Lucia Blasco
- BBC News World
In our extremely linked world, dominated by the connections of the World Wide Web, it is tough to think about specialists arguing that the Internet requires “huge modifications.”
However, it is exactly the unfold of the Web that has led an increasing number of professionals to work in what they name the “new area” of the Internet.
He insists that the present Internet, which is thought of the “second era”, should change to turn into extra clever. They argue that it ought to evolve right into a “semantic net” that, along with effectivity, offers us extra management over our information.
This is what he predicts with the arrival of the so-called Web 3.0, which many in the know-how business name “the nice revolution of the Internet.”
This new community, abbreviated as Web3, will permit machines to interpret giant quantities of knowledge. This will permit us to work together extra deeply with different customers on any platform, amongst different issues.
In the “new chapter” of the Internet, we will not want complicated processing techniques or giant “arduous disks” to retailer info, as a result of completely every little thing will be in the “cloud”. In addition, every little thing will be quick and versatile.
In common, it is attainable to say that in Web3 techniques they will “cooperate” with folks successfully. Its foremost profit, nonetheless, is the fragmentation of the Internet: making a community of cooperation and lowering the energy of the so-called “Internet giants” – the largest firms in the subject of digital know-how – as these behind this new idea.
This change has been in the works for a few years and is already affecting Silicon Valley (a area of the US State of California that represents the know-how business). The time period Web3 was coined in 2014 by British Gavin Wood, co-founder of the ethereum cryptocurrency, along with Russian-Canadian Vitalik Buterin.
Just as Tim Berners-Lee is thought of the “father of the World Wide Web”, Wood is the “father of ethereum”, the second most used protocol in the world. This know-how is the foundation of Web3.
The creator of the Polkadot open supply challenge, Wood began from the concept that it was essential to “renew the Internet”: to create a brand new structure and a particular system for the distribution of companies.
To obtain this, the British laptop engineer created the Web3 Foundation – “paying the analysis and improvement groups which can be constructing the foundations” of Web3 – and created Parity Technologies, a blockchain infrastructure firm, based mostly in Berlin (Germany) , for the “decentralized web”.
What do you imply, ‘decentralized’?
“In its beginnings, the Internet was an open and bonafide medium,” explains Ursula O’Kuinghttons, head of Communications at Parity Technologies, to BBC Mundo (BBC service in Spain). “It started to settle in the Nineteen Nineties, with the huge know-how firms that we all know as we speak. What we wish with Web3 is to return to the starting, at the starting of what the Internet was: that nobody controls this software to a big group. The communication that exists in our every day lives.”
An vital a part of the Web3 framework is blockchain know-how, which means that you can create “blocks” and create a sequence of knowledge. Blockchain is generally known as the basis of cryptocurrencies.
If Web 1.0 (Web1) is based mostly on hyperlinks, and Web 2.0 (Web2) is based mostly on social media, Web 3.0 (Web3) will be based mostly on blockchain know-how.
“We need to be open, as a result of blockchain is greater than cryptocurrency. Web3 is extra attention-grabbing than token worth,” mentioned O’Kuinghttons.
In reality, the issues that make Web3 attainable have been developed over the previous few years and, in a way, are true. Its know-how, nonetheless, has but to be developed or extensively utilized by the common public.
‘Fast, safe and really comfy’
Colin Evran has been working for 5 years on Web3 improvement. They handle the ecosystems of Filecoin and IPFS, two protocols developed by Protocol Labs, a blockchain know-how firm based mostly in San Francisco, California (USA), which goals to “decentralize the net”.
“Most of my work is to speed up the transition from Web2 to Web3,” he advised BBC Mundo. “Our objective is to make the Web sooner, safer, extra attack-resistant, and extra open.”
To perceive how Web3 will work and how briskly and dependable it will be, we should first perceive how the Internet was created and the way it has modified over the years.
“If we glance again to the early days of the Internet – in the Sixties and Nineteen Seventies – we see that there was solely the Web: it was connecting cables and networks that ‘linked issues,'” Evran recollects. “It was initially a authorities challenge known as the Arpanet to transmit info.”
In 1990, the World Wide Web (WWW) was created by the British Tim Berners-Lee, at the CERN analysis institute in Switzerland. This first site grew and, in the second half of the Nineteen Nineties, led to the international attain of the Internet. But the websites and portals of that point, like Yahoo, had been nonetheless static pages, based mostly on hyperlinks – additionally known as hyperlinks, which take the consumer from one deal with to a different.
In the 2000s, Web 2.0 arrived. Web2’s largest advance, Evran recollects, is that it “permits us to learn and write interactively.” “Mobile apps and the net can ‘speak’ to one another, and we are able to talk with them.”
The third kind, in accordance with Evran, will take the Web to a greater time. “The progress of the Web 3.0 will increase all this to the institution of belief, as a result of human rights will be included in the place to begin”, he argues.
Evran additionally opposes the “centralization” of Web 2.0. “Some cloud storage suppliers, banks and massive governments have all the energy and might management and handle information at their will to generate income and fulfill their wants,” says Evran. “We cannot imagine these organisms aren’t messing with our information.”
So what’s the change with Web3? “It modifications the total structure of the Web,” replies Evran. The knowledgeable says, for instance, that Web3 “will permit customers to entry hundreds of knowledge facilities round the world and be capable to select who shops their information and the right way to use it.”
Amazon, Google and Microsoft at the moment dominate the cloud information storage market. The first firm, which has its share, AWS, runs 41.5% of the complete, in accordance with McAfee information for 2019. Then comes Microsoft Azure, with 29.4% and Google Cloud, with 3%.
These three firms personal half of the world’s 600 largest information facilities, in accordance with a report by Synergy Research Group. Evran says that on Web3 there will be “clear mechanisms” to confirm information and remove issues akin to pretend information – the so-called “pretend information”.
In the most technical half, there is the challenge of protocols. “When you open Google or one other browser and go to a web site, you utilize the HTTP protocol [nascido com a World Wide Web de Berners-Lee]. You ‘inform’ this protocol to search for a file in a selected location,” explains Evran.
He compares the instance to on the lookout for a e-book in the metropolis. “It’s like, to get a e-book, it’s a must to undergo the New York Public Library. If the library collapses, or the authorities places a guard, you’ll be able to’t get the contents anymore.
Web3 works otherwise. “In the world of Web3, every copy of the e-book will be encrypted in a cryptographic algorithm that can not be managed. And we will be capable to share it even with out connecting to the Internet,” says Evran.
This is a “peer-to-peer” (P2P) know-how, which permits to trade issues in parallel, instantly between a number of customers, one thing that, in accordance with Evran, is not attainable with the present Web2 and the HTTP protocol that it makes use of. .
Úrsula O’Kuinghttons explains that Web3’s blockchain know-how is very safe and that “to this point, over ten years, nobody has been in a position to break into it.” “The challenge of safety is crucial in the age we stay in, as a result of our lives and our information are more and more linked to the Internet”, provides the knowledgeable.
Step by step course of
The prediction of these concerned in Web3 is that this change will give Internet customers extra management over what they personal and share and create a extra open and equal Internet.
But the promise that Web 3.0 will be capable to remove the large of recent giants like Google or Facebook raises doubts. There are doubtful voices, akin to Elon Musk, CEO of Tesla and SpaceX, who a number of days in the past wrote a stunning touch upon Twitter. “Has anybody seen Web3? I can not discover it.”
Or the phrases of Jack Dorsey, the co-founder of Twitter, who mentioned that Web3 “is a center class, however with totally different writing.”
Colin Evran, nonetheless, doesn’t lose his curiosity on this new improvement.
“The transition from Web1 to Web2 was a giant transition that took years. The transition from Web2 to Web3 is inevitable, however it will not occur in a single day, however over a number of years. It’s simply taking its first steps. Steps.”
It reveals the participation of members of the technical group round the world. “The variety of contributors to this challenge is a transparent signal that these constructing the Internet of the future are betting on Web3.”
Evran believes that Web3 “will change the Internet with a brand new and extra democratic paradigm than Web2”. “If we take into consideration creating the Web, in the subsequent 5 or ten years we will be capable to put information again into the arms of customers. And that is the world I need for myself and my youngsters.”
The O’Kuinghttons agree that the change “will not be a simple job, however it is very tough to have a uniform and uniform Internet.” “We are nonetheless in the very early stage. Everything is simply beginning to develop, it is being constructed,” says the knowledgeable.
“But in 2021 we’ve already seen an enormous rise and improvement of NFT [bens digitais] and metaverses [realidades virtuais]. In 2022, we will see a giant change, like the progress of those applied sciences, which is nothing greater than Web3.”
Have you seen our new movies? YouTube? Subscribe to our channel!